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HomeminewsRisk of Increased Blindness in COVID Confusion

Risk of Increased Blindness in COVID Confusion

Eye injections are considered essential medical treatment and any sudden loss of vision in either eye, is an eye health emergency requiring urgent attention.

Yet due to fear of COVID-19, and confusion surrounding what constitutes essential medical treatment during a time when self-isolation has been strongly recommended, Australia is facing a massive increase in the number of people who could unnecessarily lose their sight to wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

One in seven Australians over the age of 50 have signs of AMD, and the incidence increases with age.

“Ophthalmologists are seeing a worrying increase in the number of people cancelling eye injections, said Professor Paul Mitchell AO, internationally renowned ophthalmologist and National Research Advisor for Macular Disease Foundation Australia.

“In my own clinic, up to one third of patients with conditions such as wet (neovascular) wet AMD or diabetic macular edema (DME) are skipping these crucial appointments. Wet AMD needs treatment for many years, while DME or diabetic retinopathy mostly needs treatment for one year or so, and may also need laser treatment. However, none of these people have, or are suspected to have, contracted the virus

“Projecting from my clinic, that means thousands of Australians are gambling with their vision. Without these regular injections, there’s a high risk that people will go blind or suffer significant vision loss, which is often then irreversible,” said Prof Mitchell.

The last thing we need is to emerge from this pandemic with another health crisis of people who are blind or have severe vision loss as a result of not treating their AMD, or diabetic eye disease

The Australian Government’s strong guidance is for all Australians to self-isolate, unless for essential medical or health care needs. Vulnerable Australians are subject to additional advice to stay at home, to the maximum extent possible. Residential aged care facilities have even stricter requirements.

Prof Mitchell said eye injections are considered essential medical treatment, while any sudden loss of vision in either eye, was an eye health emergency requiring urgent attention.

Precautionary Measures in Place

MDFA Medical Committee Chair and retinal specialist A/Prof Alex Hunyor said where possible, ophthalmologists are rescheduling non-urgent appointments or treatments.

“Eye injections are essential medical treatments and need to continue as scheduled. Clinics are taking even more precautions now and waiting rooms must comply with social distancing protocols. Many ophthalmology practices are asking patients to wait in their cars and calling them to come in only when required,” Dr Hunyor said.

Prof Mitchell said people were calling ophthalmology practices, concerned they’ll be fined for leaving their home to attend a medical appointment.

He stressed that patients, and any family carer or other carer required to accompany a patient to a scheduled eye injection, is not breaching public health measures to attend that appointment.

“Obviously, if the patient has the virus or has had contact with someone who has been infected, the ophthalmologist should be contacted by phone to re-schedule,” he added.

People living in residential aged-care facilities need to have a discussion with the aged care provider or manager, about the necessary provision to ensure they continue to have access to eye injections appointments. Some facilities have currently unfortunately stopped such appointments.

“We urge all Australians to take care of their eye health and attend scheduled treatment appointments during the coronavirus crisis. The last thing we need is to emerge from this pandemic with another health crisis of people who are blind or have severe vision loss as a result of not treating their AMD, or diabetic eye disease,” said Prof Mitchell.

MDFA’s National Helpline – 1800 111 709 – is providing patients with free telephone advice and a free Amsler grid for monitoring vision changes at home.

Find out more by listening to the following interviews with Associate Professor Alex Hunyor and patients.